The Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8C Monterosa, bodied by Zagato, was an attempt by the ulta-luxury car maker to get back in the passenger car business after the war. Built in 1947, the car is remarkably like Tatra’s cars, most notably the T87. Look at all these features they both share: rear-mounted V8; long, streamlined four-door design, three headlights, hell just look at those two — they’re like brothers.
An even better article: http://auto.howstuffworks.com/1947-1948-isotta-fraschini-8c-monterosa.htm
Tatra 77 meant for Kopřivnice pioneering. It became the first mass-produced aerodynamic car world and just celebrated his eightieth. The topic we return promised a longer article.
“Sedmasedmdesátka” caused when the official release of a sensation. For the first time the masterpiece for which they stood and Hans Erich and Erich Ledwinka Übelacker, presented at the Motor Show in Prague 5 března, 1934. The third man was appointed in charge of the shapes, the first two techniques. Soon thereafter, even during the same month, he began to produce elegant car. About some large-scale production can not be described, but the prototype phase was successfully overcome. Tatra Moreover glory in this respect, first in the world, though it claims several other manufacturers, such as American Chrysler Airflow model. Aerodynamic experiments that were previously. Think of the most famous: drop shaped Alfa 40/60 HP from the body shop Castagna for Count Ricottiho (1914), Tropfenwagen Edmund Rumpler, or the work of Romanian Aurel PERS .
Test T77 prototype, which was built probably six, he ran the year before. Differed mount the door , but also the shape of the stern, they just ribbing on the sides of the cover instead of the standard powerplant with mud and smaller šestnáctipalcová wheels. First got swept divided by (a dump!) Windshield. Experiments were carried out with the sinking of the headlamps, the two pieces were completely embedded in the body. The third prototype with a wheel in the middle of the windshield approaching production-version was issued in 1933 in the pre-premiere in Berlin.
Beauty with rear engine
Type 77 has retained the traditional concept automakers are air-cooled engine and rear swinging half-axles. The front wheels were independently suspended trapezoidal arms, suspension always catered to a broad cross půleliptické single leaf spring. Center back bifurcated beam carrying power unit. Four-stroke petrol engines V8 OHC had a volume of 2969 cm 3 (75 bore, 84 mm stroke). With a compression ratio 5,3:1 reached output of 44 kW at 3500 rpm. He was, however, right at the back of the driven axle. The renegade and use of a central pipe exhaust manifold and complex. The crankcase was cast in the electron fuel supplied double carburetor Zenith 36 DV1. Pressure circulation lubrication worked with sedmilitrovou oil bath at 100 km was needed about 0.4 liters of lubricant. Strictly streamlined aerodynamic body with a coefficient of drag of 0.36 for the first time in the history of Tatra-metal and semi-self to vždřevu relied solely first pieces, Luxury limousine to a six-figure measured in length 5130 mm, 1700 mm was wide and 1500 mm high. “Dress” knowledge created by Swiss Hungarian origin Paula Jaraye and tested in a wind tunnel, which was then used only for testing airships and airplanes. Headlights performed the bodywork, windscreen was then only three parts.
Chassis with a wheelbase of 3150 mm, a gauge of 1300 mm and a wheel for today’s high ground clearance 220 mm could therefore be very flat and weight smaller cars weigh 1700 kg. Functional constituted a large part of the fin flowing aft, who cared for stability in a crosswind. Thanks to the advanced shapes that time the car reached the osmnáctipalcových rounds to 145 km / h, this rate was additionally seamlessly sustainable. Deceleration assisted liquid drum brakes on all wheels, parking worked on the back. Travel gasoline consumption ranged between 14 and 16 l/100 km. Heavier competition to achieve the speed needed about one-third more power … The torque transfer through the dry single plate clutch Komet Mecano look after four-speed automatic, the latter two should sync speed. Bosch Ignition and electrical installations were dvanáctivoltové, the battery was located along the margin in front of the car.
In the press presentation in March 1934, type 77 chasing after Carlsbad road. Handling and driving characteristics including cornering behavior was at that time a remarkable car apparently great fit. Thanks to the concept inherent oversteer, however, he has not denied Journalists praised and above average comfort and low noise at speeds above 100 km / h International Paris premiere took place in the fall of that season, where the car raised considerable commotion among the heads of American corporations and techniques of the British Rolls-Royce not only with futuristic shapes. They would not believe that despite so little power the engine is capable of flirting with a hundred and fifty “Sedmasedmdesátka” the common automotive production simply beggared, although its acceleration was tepid.
Longer and stronger
Your car even good battle, appropriately modified specimen graduated in 1934 race season 1000 miles Czechoslovak! Do the following (1935) was made of Type 101 T 77 Evolution proceeded, type 77a of the second series (1936-1938). The improved model powered overworked bulkier osmiválec 3378 cm 3 with a larger 88 mm bore and higher compression ratio of 6:1. Power indicated in the range of 51-55 kW was available at the same speed as its predecessor, but the engine had already two oil coolers. Transmission remained the same. 77a was while still a 5 km / h faster, even though her weight increased to equal 1.8 tons. From the original model differed also a third, centrally located front lamp, though it also had some cars from the end of the first series. The wheelbase increased by 100 mm to 3250 mm and thanks to improved driveability, not only at high speeds. The length is also dramatically increased to 5410 mm. Drag coefficient dropped to 0.21 captivating, this value was not measured on a real car, but a miniature. Fuel consumption has not changed.
“A’s” produced a total of 154 units, total production without the prototypes and reached only 255 copies. Lots of great interest represented the only two-door piece just type 77a, with whom rode alone designer Erich Übelacker, all other “sedmasedmdesátky” the four-door. Given that virtually built manually, perhaps no car was not the same, at least all the details differ. The surviving pieces undoubtedly the most notable contribution to the world of domestic automotive history are now virtually unavailable goods. Prague NTM own silver car Mr. Radim marc from 1937, which was involved in the construction of this building. It is about 180 mm wider than the other and has a greater inclination of the windscreen. Kopřivnické factory museum exhibits turn blue car without front bumper and air trap on the sides of the engine cover type 87 but not original. The Type 77 was followed by 87 with fork osmiválcem 2.97 l/55 kW, the first pieces were created in parallel, smaller post-war Tatraplan 600 (four-cylinder 1952 cm 3 / 38 kW) and 603 representative She returned to the V8 engine with dvouapůllitrovým volume, first 2545 cm 3 , then 2472 cm 3 .
Come into their own at least collectors automobile models, recently appeared miniatures from Ixo: black, burgundy in the series Altaya and bronze, which he produced in a limited edition of the Prague firm Fox Toys . It is currently on sale silver model of a White Box also offers Prague MAC Model 77 type resin produced in different versions. Always a 1:43 scale. Prices range from 500 to approximately 1,500 Crowns apiece.
Prague, March 6 (ČTK) — The Indian government will probably start purchasing the Czech Tatra lorries for its military again after having suspended a long-term contract on them over a corruption scandal connected with commissions for Tatra’s former Indian co-owner Ravinder Kumar Rishi, daily Právo writes today.
Rishi is being investigated in India on suspicion of involvement in an intermediary firm that was buying sets for assembling Tatra lorries at a low price and resold them to the BEML Indian state company with a lucrative margin. The final selling price was three times higher than the purchasing price, according to some sources, Právo writes.
Rishi, who then owned 40 percent of Tatra’s stock and was also a member of its supervisory board, was profiting a lot from the dubious transaction, Právo says.
The new owners, who bought Tatra in an auction last year after it had ended up in insolvency, want to prevent such disadvantageous deals.
“The price [for India] has not been set yet but the contract must be advantageous for Tatra as a business entity. In no case will it be possible that a mediator could … profit from it, while the company would suffer a loss like in the past,” Tatra spokesman Andrej Čírtek told Právo.
He said all documents for the contract with the Indian government had been prepared. They are yet to be signed by the [Indian] defense minister, he added.
Právo writes that Rishi is also suspected of bribery in connection with the contract on Tatras in India. The local authorities started investigating it two years ago and banned Rishi from traveling to the CzechRepublic not to influence witnesses.
Two weeks ago, the investigators questioned representatives of the BEML, which had paid commissions to Rishi for Tatra lorries at variance with Indian law, Právo says, referring to the Indian Express daily.
Právo writes that Czech police were also looking into the alleged siphoning off Tatra’s assets by the disadvantageous supplies to India, on the basis of a legal complaint filed by defense lawyer Václav Láska. They shelved the case last year, concluding that no crime had been committed.
However, Láska argues that policemen did not deal with the main argument of his complaint, that is the possible systemic siphoning off money from the lorry maker.
“The police investigators did not look for information in India at all and they questioned only the Tatra management,” Láska said.
The heart of the matter is that the Tatra sets were bought at a too low price in the Czech Republic and sold in India fro much more money, he pointed out.
Láska said he had filed a complaint against the police’s steps in the case some time ago. However, state attorney Dušan Táborský swept it from the table as unsubstantiated, Právo says.
It recalls that Táborský is also in charge of the case of the alleged corruption accompanying the purchase of Tatra lorries for the Czech military in which former defense minister Martin Barták and Tatra’s former U.S. director general Ronald Adams are being tried by a Czech court and some former Tatra managers are witnesses.
The trial is to continue in mid-March by the questioning of Tatra’s former U.S. branch manager Duncan Sellars and William Cabaniss, former U.S. ambassador to the Czech Republic and a member of Tatra’s supervisory board, Právo adds.
Read more: http://www.praguepost.com/economy/37613-tatra-trucks-to-return-to-indian-market#ixzz2vDKqk6E2
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The Tatra T 77 was introduced at the 1934 Berlin Motor Show on March 5, 1934
The automaker Tatra by this year to restore supply trucks for the Indian Army. The government in Delhi, which last year because of the corruption scandal postponed purchases of Tatra, a Czech explore new owners of the company and to authorize the establishment of cooperation. For Tatra would return to India, where in the past supplied thousands of cars meant new contracts for up to billion.
Koprivnicko manufacturer since last year include company Tatra Trucks Jaroslav Strnad and Rene Matera. According to a spokesman Andrei Tatry Čírtka the Indian authorities were checking the new owners. “With the result that it is a serious and transparent entity with which the Indian Ministry of Defense to establish cooperation,” said E15.cz Čírtek.
The Indian military enterprises is already pre-negotiated by Čírtka cooperation, it is now up to the government when the supply is restored. “We hope to return to the Indian market this year,” he added Čírtek.
Obstacles are but parliamentary elections in India will take place this spring. According to sources from the Tatra current Defence Minister AK Antony in front of them does not want to sign any contract. Více na: Return Czech car manufacturer in India but it is real. The local army said it urgently needs to hundreds of pieces Kopřivnice trucks a year, and spare parts for the maintenance of several thousand fleet of Tatra trucks that soldiers use in India. At the same time only 100 supplied by Tatra chassis could have received a quarter billion crowns.
According to Indian media, even to halt purchases Tatra delayed the establishment of rocket troops whose technique to carry just Tatry. The delay relates to rocket Pinako for which it kopřivnické chassis used BrahMos supersonic missiles or radars.
India wants to buy directly from Koprivnica
Returning to India helps the fact that last December contract expired between the Indian military and now BEML Tatra Sipox brokerage firm whose owner Ravinder Rishi was interrogated on suspicion that supplies Tatra předražoval. The Indian Ministry of Defence now plans to buy directly from the manufacturer Tatra.
Tatra Indian army says its cars since the late 80th years, in total it has already sent over 6500 cars. Production for India formed tens of percent of the total production of the company. Most Tatra trucks headed to the country in 2007, and 923, when the company produced a total of 2,431 cars.
The year before Kopřivnická company supplied to India for hundreds of cars, which was a fifth of the total production next year then Delhi imposed an embargo on Tatra due to a corruption scandal . Army Commander VK Singh has accused the Indian lobbyist Tédžindera Singh that he offered a bribe for the purchase of Tatra trucks. Defence Minister AK Antoni subsequently ordered the suspect to investigate. Více na: http://zpravy.e15.cz/byznys/prumysl-a-energetika/tatra-ma-nakroceno-k-navratu-do-indie-dilli-si-prokleplo-jeji-majitele-1062594#utm_medium=selfpromo&utm_source=e15&utm_campaign=copylink
If there is an official sign of a foreign marque’s “arrival” as a collector car in the American classic-car community, it is arguably the granting of its own class at the annual Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance. The distinction of a featured class has traditionally been bestowed upon very exclusive makes and models. For instance, the 2011 edition of the concours’ featured classes included Maharaja cars, along with Mercer and Fiat. If you’re drawing a blank on the first two, you’re not alone — there aren’t that many ex-Maharaja Rolls-Royce cars in the country, and unless you’re into antique-car tours you probably couldn’t tell a 1919 Mercer from a 1914 Sheffield-Simplex. That almost makes the addition of Tatra to the 2014 list of featured cars seem like a belatedly discovered omission, given that this Czech manufacturer produced more than 100,000 cars and trucks, dating back to 1897
There’s more to the company than imposing government cars moving through the dark of night in Prague. Early on, Tatra specialized in luxury cars that were incredibly advanced for their day. Tatra produced the first aerodynamic car in the world in 1934 in the form of the Tatra T77, a large rear-engined V8 sedan that took advantage of wind-cheating surfaces and engine-cooling scoops. Under the direction of chief engineer Hans Ledwinka, Tatra developed even more advanced cars, cars that arguably influenced the design and engineering of Volkswagen and Porsche before and after the outbreak of the World War II. After the war, Tatra created unforgettable designs like the T600 Tatraplan and T603, staying true to its air-cooled rear-engined V8 roots, carrying over the lessons learned from those designs into what is considered to be its final distinct model, the Vignale-styled Tatra 613 of 1974.
Truth be told, Tatra’s passenger cars really only gained classic status on their home continent with the fall of the Berlin Wall. Up until that time, the marque was cloaked in the same mystique that shrouded other cars created in Eastern Europe. Or in Tatra and Škoda’s case, they got caught on the wrong side of the border when lines were redrawn and allegiances changed. But unlike makes such as ZiL or GAZ, Tatras were already known in the West thanks to their breathtaking looks that channeled steampunk cool–before “steampunk” was a word — in addition to combining novel engineering solutions with a streamlined design language. So its turn as a featured marque at Pebble is perhaps one of the most delayed forms of recognition.
Believe it or not, quite a few examples of Tatras can be found in North America, with a total count numbering just below 100. The Lane Motor Museum in Nashville is a majority stakeholder of sorts, but quite a few models have been scattered throughout private collections, with the iconic T603 perhaps enjoying a plurality among stateside Tatras, followed by its older and rarer T77 and T87 siblings. The earliest and the latest models might be the hardest to find, presuming you come across any at classic car events at all, though Tatras themselves are not as uncommon a sight at concours events as they were a decade ago. For example, a 1938 Tatra T77A belonging to John Long of Toronto took Best in Show at the Fairfield County Concours d’Elegance in 2009, a couple years after appearing in the well-received modernism exhibition at the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. And, in 2012, the Czech embassy even held an event on its lawn that featured a number of Tatra cars and trucks. So while it’s taken a long time for Tatra to arrive in the U.S., its engineering and history have amazed car fans for generations.
The 2014 Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance will take place Aug. 17, 2014.
Read more: http://www.autoweek.com/article/20140212/carnews01/140219960#ixzz2uoMYV814
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